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The Rosetta Stone was the key to understand the Egyptian hieroglyphs.

It's a granodiorite stele built in 196 BC that contains a text in three different spellings: Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs, Demotic, Ancient Greek.

It was discovered near the town of Rashid (Rosetta) in 1799 by Pierre-Fran├žois Bouchard, a soldier of the Napoleonic army.

Jean-Fran├žois Champollion, studying the Rosetta Stone, found the solution to decode the writing system of ancient Egypt.